Our neighbors that we love and hate .. Squirrels
With or without reason, rodents in general are not in the favorite group of animals including humans. However, certain types of this, the number of the largest order of mammals enjoy general sympathy. Astonishing fact that, according to data from the Encyclopedia Britannica, they constitute 50% of the total number of species of mammals and it is assumed that their share of the total number of individuals living more and more. The human race is some reason some of these small animals marked as pests and disgusting creature while others devoted to the entire series of cartoons and comics assigning them positive human traits. One of the `acceptable` rodent species are squirrels. This title is in our language usually refers to animals that live in trees, although this includes families and those who mostly live in the country. For example, marmot lives exclusively on land, while the Canadian squirrels live in the country but also climb trees, etc. … Perhaps the most interesting species – the flying squirrel rarely descends to earth. Flying squirrels due to the special skin membranes that connect their front and hind legs can bring prolonged jumping from one tree to another, even in a length of 60 meters! Taking into account the size of squirrels, which does not exceed 60cm get that flying squirrels are able to skip a hundred times larger than the length of the same long.
A squirrel is one of many small or medium-sized rodents in the family Sciuridae. In the English-speaking world, squirrel commonly refers to members of this family’s and, which are tree squirrels with large bushy tails, indigenous to Asia, the Americas and Europe. Similar genera are found in Africa. The Sciuridae family also includes flying squirrels, as well as ground squirrels such as the chipmunks, prairie dogs, and woodchucks. Members of the family are sometimes misleadingly referred to as “scaly-tailed flying squirrels” although they are not closely related to the true squirrels.
In United States and Canada, common squirrels include the Fox Squirrel ; the Western Gray Squirrel the Douglas Squirrel the American Red Squirrel and the. Eastern Grey Squirrel, of which the “Black Squirrel” is a variant. In Europe the Red Squirrel or Eurasian red squirrel is the most common native species, although the Eastern Grey Squirrel has been introduced in some countries and has displaced the red in many areas, including most of Britain.
Squirrels are sometimes considered pests because of their propensity to chew on various edible and inedible objects. This characteristic trait aids in maintaining sharp teeth, and because their teeth grow continuously, prevents over-growth. Homeowners in areas with a heavy squirrel population must keep attics and basements carefully sealed to prevent property damage caused by nesting squirrels. A squirrel nest is called a “drey”. Some homeowners resort to more interesting ways of dealing with this problem, such as collecting and planting fur from pets such as domestic cats and dogs in attics.
This fur will indicate to nesting squirrels that a potential predator roams and will encourage evacuation. Fake owls and scarecrows are generally ignored by the animals, and the best way to prevent chewing on an object is to coat it with something to make it undesirable: for instance a soft cloth or chili pepper paste or powder. Squirrel trapping is also practised to remove them from residential areas. However, otherwise squirrels are safe neighbors that pose almost zero risk of transmitting rabies.
Squirrels can be trained to be hand-fed. Because they are able to cache surplus food, they take as much food as is available. Squirrels living in parks and campuses in cities have learned that humans are typically a ready source of food. Urban squirrels have learned to get a lot of food from generous humans. A commonly given food is peanuts, but recent studies show that raw peanuts contain a trypsin inhibitor that prevents the absorption of protein in the intestines. Therefore offering peanuts that have been roasted is the better option. However, wildlife rehabilitators in the field have noted that neither raw nor roasted peanuts nor sunflower seeds are healthy for squirrels, because they are deficient in several essential nutrients. This type of deficiency has been found to cause Metabolic Bone Disease, a somewhat common ailment found in malnourished squirrels.