Kings of cold sea
Animal lovers, here is something incredible! Animals that live in the worst conditions and still survive. Despite all the dangers and many predator successfully fight for survival. Therefore they can freely carry the epithet king cold sea. During the history of the former are vulnerable and the most dangerous predator: man. Because of that sea lions are among the strongest line in the north and south pole.
Sea lion is a common name that does not correspond to a single taxonomic unit. For a more comprehensive discussion of all eared seals, including the fur seals, see Otariid.Sea lions are any of seven species in seven genera of modern pinnipeds including one extinct species. Sea lions are characterized by the presence of external ear pinnae, long front flippers, and the ability to walk on all four flippers on land. Their range extends from the subarctic to tropical waters of the global ocean in both the northern and southern hemispheres with the notable exception of the Atlantic Ocean. Together with the fur seals, they comprise the Otariidae family, collectively known as eared seals.
Until recently, sea lions were grouped under a single subfamily called Otariinae to distinguish them from the fur seals, based on the most prominent common feature between all species, namely the lack of the dense underfur characteristic of the latter. Recent genetic evidence, however, strongly suggests that Callorhinus, the genus of the Northern fur seal is more closely related to some sea lion species than to the other fur seal. Therefore the fur seal/sealion subfamily distinction has been largely eliminated. Nonetheless, all sea lions have certain features in common, in particular their coarse, short fur, greater bulk and larger prey than fur seals.Some species of sea lion are readily trainable and are often a popular attraction at zoos and aquariums. The archetypal circus seal performing behaviors such as throwing and catching balls on its nose and clapping is almost always a sea lion.
The government of Japan has set a quota of 116 kills per year in Hokkaido, as sea lions are seen as a threat to commercial fisheries. International environmentalists and local fishery advocatescontinue to debate the issue.
Sea lions have been trained by the U.S. Navy’s Marine Mammal Program, based in San Diego, to detain scuba divers.
Sea lion attacks on humans are rare. In a highly unusual attack in 2007 in Western Australia a sea lion leapt from the water and seriously mauled a 13-year old girl surfing behind a speedboat.
The sea lion appeared to be preparing for a second attack when the girl was rescued. An Australian marine biologist opinioned the sea lion may have viewed the girl “like a rag doll toy” to be played with. In San Francisco where an increasingly large population of California sea lion crowds dock along San Francisco Bay, there have been incidents in recent years of swimmers being bitten on the leg by large aggressive males, possibly as a territorial act.
The Moche people of ancient Peru worshipped the sea and its animals. They often depicted sea lions in their art.